Debates of the Senate (Hansard)
1st Session, 41st Parliament,
Volume 148, Issue 4
Wednesday, June 8, 2011
The Honourable Noël A. Kinsella, Speaker
Wednesday, June 8, 2011
The Senate met at 2 p.m., the Speaker in the chair.
The Hon. the Speaker: Honourable senators, before we proceed, I have
been asked to inform you that the official photographs of the Senate will be
taken on Wednesday, June 15 and Wednesday, June 22. These photos are an
important part of the parliamentary record and are useful for historical
Is it agreed that the photos be taken on those dates?
Hon. Senators: Agreed.
Hon. Catherine S. Callbeck: Honourable senators, in April, Senator
Hubley and I had the great pleasure to participate in the Women in Leadership
School, organized by the PEI Coalition for Women in Government. This group has
been active since 2004 under the direction of Kirstin Lund, with the goal of
increasing the participation of women at all levels of government.
In 1993, in my province there were eight women in the legislature, which was
25 per cent. That was the highest percentage up to that date. Today, 18 years
later, the statistics are about the same: 26 per cent of MLAs are women. In
1988, I was the only female MP for Prince Edward Island, which means 25 per cent
of the members from my province were women. Today, 23 years later, that
percentage is the same. The numbers have shown little improvement over the
years. That is why the PEI Coalition of Women in Government is so important.
The leadership school was a non-partisan two-day event, which brought Island
women together with experienced female politicians from P.E.I. and across the
country. The school offered skills-building workshops on a variety of topics,
such as communications and campaign planning, a panel discussion with members of
Commonwealth Women Parliamentarians, and a keynote address by former Deputy
Prime Minister Sheila Copps. To cover the different roles women might play in
the political process, specific sessions were held for current elected women,
candidates or potential candidates, and campaign workers.
I was fortunate to host the Friday evening "Mentoring Dinner." Participants
were seated for the meal with "mentors" — women of all political stripes who
have been successful in politics. It was a great opportunity for women who are
thinking about running for public office to speak with women who have already
done it. About 50 Island women participated, and 2 have so far decided to seek
provincial party nominations.
I congratulate the PEI Coalition for Women in Government for taking on this
project and for helping to encourage more women to be involved in the political
process. I also commend Sandy Kowalik for her hard work in organizing this
Honourable senators, please join with me in congratulating the PEI Coalition
for Women in Government on a very successful event and the important work they
are doing in my province.
Hon. Consiglio Di Nino: Honourable senators, June 4, 2011, marked the
twenty-second anniversary of the massacre in Tiananmen Square. This day of
infamy is a reminder of the kind of madness humans are capable of and have most
cruelly inflicted on their own kind.
This year, the date was once again commemorated around the world, including
by tens of thousands of people in Hong Kong and by several events in my city of
On June 1, I was honoured to attend and speak at one such event, which was
sponsored by the Sam Gindin Chair in Social Justice and Democracy at Ryerson
University in Toronto. The guest of honour was Mr. Fang Zheng, who, on that
fateful day while trying to save a friend, lost his legs when a tank ran over
him. He now lives in San Francisco where his American hosts have supplied him
with prosthetic legs, which he has mastered well.
His emotional and inspirational speech was one of hope. Like most of us, he
is a passionate defender of justice and fundamental rights. In his honour, I am
privileged to once again mark that day of unspeakable tragedy as a reminder and
a plea to China, and indeed the world, to free their people from oppressive and
inhuman treatment, particularly those who stand for freedom and justice.
Hon. Elizabeth Hubley: Honourable senators, 2011 marks the one
hundredth anniversary of Parks Canada. Parks Canada manages a network of 42
national parks, 167 national historic sites and 4 national marine conservation
areas. As steward of Canada's unique natural areas, cultural sites and
historical places, Parks Canada preserves that which is uniquely Canadian.
In 1911, few Canadians realized the impact a national parks service would
have 100 years later, but from Banff National Park to the Fortress of
Louisbourg, from Torngat National Park to L'Anse aux Meadows and from Kicking
Horse Pass to the Rideau Canal, Canadians from coast to coast to coast enjoy our
historic sites, national parks and marine conservation parks where history,
geography, culture and natural beauty are preserved, interpreted and celebrated.
In my home province of Prince Edward Island, Province House National Historic
Site and the Prince Edward Island National Park are a delight for Islanders and
visitors alike. The year 2011 also marks the eleventh anniversary of the opening
of the Greenwich Adjunct to the Prince Edward Island National Park with its
unique parabolic dune system.
In 1911, when the Canadian government established Parks Canada, it set a
world standard as the first national parks service in the world. Canadians
continue to benefit as we celebrate our history and natural heritage and connect
to some of our greatest treasures of national beauty.
This summer, I encourage colleagues and all Canadians to celebrate this one
hundredth anniversary by visiting some of Canada's most vibrant and beautiful
treasures — our national parks and national historic sites.
Hon. Donald Neil Plett: Honourable senators, April 28, 1996, was a sad
day for Manitobans. It was on that day that the Winnipeg Jets played their last
game in Winnipeg. The Jets subsequently left for Phoenix to become the Phoenix
Coyotes, leaving Manitobans broken-hearted.
The Winnipeg Jets played as one of the founding franchises in the World
Hockey Association from 1972 to 1979. In 1979, the Winnipeg Jets joined the
National Hockey League, and Winnipeg had a team until they left in 1996.
Manitobans never gave up hope of the NHL's return.
On May 31, our wishes came true, honourable senators. The NHL made an
announcement that the National Hockey League would be making its return to
Manitoba, much to the chagrin of Commissioner Gary Bettman, who looked like he
was attending a funeral rather than an exciting newsworthy announcement.
Mark Chipman of True North Sports and Entertainment made it official,
stating: "I am excited beyond words to announce our purchase of the Atlanta
Manitobans crowded the streets to celebrate at the Forks and at the historic
intersection of Portage and Main, where Bobby Hull once signed his
million-dollar deal with the World Hockey Association's Winnipeg Jets in 1972.
The deal was contingent on 13,000 season tickets being sold over a three-week
period. Manitobans rose to the challenge. Hockey fans in Manitoba purchased
7,200 season tickets in three days of pre-sale and a further 6,000 in just 17
minutes of the general public sale. As well, all 55 of the luxury boxes ranging
in price from $105,000 to $197,000 per year and requiring a minimum seven-year
commitment have also sold out. There is a registered waiting list of 8,000
people paying $100 per ticket per year just to be there.
There are those who question the viability of an NHL team in Winnipeg.
Winnipeg's arena, the MTS Centre, seats 15,000 people. Winnipeg has the smallest
arena in the smallest market of the entire NHL, yet they enjoy greater ticket
revenues than most NHL teams. Ticket sales alone will generate more than $54
million annually. They are guaranteed to be sold out for at least the next three
Last season, seven of the U.S.-based National Hockey League teams had an
average attendance of less than the MTS Centre's capacity, and this season a
third of all U.S.-based teams are attracting crowds that would not fill
Take heart, Quebec City — you are next; who knows, maybe Hamilton and then
Saskatoon. Never lose hope. Hockey is Canada's game and Canada is the NHL's most
viable market. A new report recently found that Canada's hockey fans could
support 12 teams, five more than it currently has.
Honourable senators, please join me in congratulating Manitoba on its
triumphant return to the National Hockey League.
Hon. Rod A.A. Zimmer: Honourable senators, I rise today to honour a
team, like the prodigal son who returned home and also rose like the flight of
Let trumpets blast, the choirs sing, the little children play, and let there
be a parting of the Red River, with a huge debt of gratitude to the Chipman
family and David Thomson: The Jets are back!
Honourable senators, on behalf of all my Manitoba colleagues in both places,
we know that no one wanted the Jets to leave in the first place. It was an
incredibly hard time for the players on the team as well as the fans. During
their final games, they were unable even to look up from the bleachers without
tears gathering in their eyes.
From 1995 to 1996 the NHL had a four-month lockout just before the Winnipeg
Jets left. The fans of the team threw a fundraising event that was attended by
over 35,000 people and raised more than half a million dollars, but it was still
not enough to keep them for even one more year.
Honourable senators, fans of the Winnipeg Jets are absolutely thrilled that
they have their team back. It was confirmed that it was a good move when all the
season tickets sold out within 17 minutes of going on sale. With an extra 8,000
people on the waiting list, we now have a commitment of three to five years of
Honourable senators, I had the distinct privilege to fly back to Ottawa via
Toronto on the historic day of May 31, 2011, and as I sat across the aisle from
Mr. Thomson, I said to him, "Some may know you as Mr. Thomson or King David, but
in the hearts of Manitoba fans, you will always be known as Saint David."
Honourable senators, no matter what they call the team, the hearts of
Manitoba fans will always sing, "Go, Jets, go!"
Hon. Donald H. Oliver: Honourable senators, 2011 is the International
Year for People of African Descent. To celebrate this major event, Nova Scotia
will be hosting the 7th International African Diaspora Heritage Trail
For the first time in its history, the International African Disapora
Heritage Trail Conference will be held in Canada. Bermuda, the Bahamas and
Tanzania have hosted past conferences and now it is our turn.
From September 22 to 24, scholars, historians, politicians, dignitaries and
tourism specialists from around the world will converge in Halifax, Nova Scotia,
for this international conference. Three full days of events and activities are
What is the African diaspora? It is an important, worldwide phenomenon. It is
the breakup and scattering of Africans and their descendants to destinations
around the world. It is also the story of how Africans successfully retained
their cultural traditions, preserved their identities and built new communities
outside the African continent.
The main purpose of the conference is to link the African diaspora by
developing and sustaining cultural heritage destinations.
This year's theme is "Our Heritage, Our Future — Preserve. Promote.
The conference will work on ways to preserve, promote and protect our
heritage by: identifying and maintaining various tangible and intangible
artifacts that represent African culture — dance, folklore, fine art,
literature, oral traditions and history; creating economic initiatives and
tourism strategies that capitalize on cultural and historical assets; helping
people and communities of African descent maintain their distinct heritage and
culture; and promoting destinations and historic sites of the African diaspora.
For example, Birchtown, Nova Scotia, was the home of the largest community of
free men and women of African descent outside of Africa in the late 1700s. It is
one of many important sites on the African Diaspora Heritage Trail.
Honourable senators, I am honoured to have been asked to serve as the
honorary chair of this year's conference. My view is that this international
cultural tourism initiative will provide us with a golden opportunity to engage
in stimulating discussions on the significance of the African diaspora.
I am honoured to have the opportunity to speak at the opening ceremonies on
September 23 at the World Trade and Convention Centre in Halifax.
Honourable senators, as you know, 2011 is the International Year for People
of African Descent. Hosting this international conference offers Canada an
opportunity to highlight the key role African-Canadians have played in shaping
our history and collective identity. I encourage all honourable senators to
visit Halifax in September and participate in these three days of rich
conversations on the African diaspora and the collective heritage of Africans
from around the world.
Hon. Joseph A. Day: Honourable senators, last week I had the honour of
attending the Duke of Edinburgh's Gold Award ceremony at Halifax's historic Pier
21. There were 44 deserving young Canadians receiving a gold award from His
Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston. It was the culmination of
countless hours of hard work and commitment for these young men and women, and
an experience that will contribute greatly to their growth and future success.
The Duke of Edinburgh's Award program was founded in 1956 by His Royal
Highness Prince Philip and was meant to inspire youth and enrich their lives
through leisure-time activity by setting a series of goals that encourage
personal discovery, growth, self-reliance, perseverance and responsibility. It
is a program that is not based on membership or competition, but rather on
inclusion and voluntary participation. These principles formed the basis of the
Since that time, the award program has spread internationally, and today
there are 132 participating countries in the Duke of Edinburgh's Award Network,
with 850,000 participants worldwide. Since its inception, the award program has
granted over 3 million awards to youth from a variety of backgrounds and
Given the success of the award, it is little surprise that the program has a
strong foothold in Canada and has been operating here since 1963. With a
presence in every Canadian province and territory, the Duke of Edinburgh's Award
currently has 37,000 participants in Canada and is projected to grow in the near
future to 40,000. In an effort to make it accessible to all Canadian youth, the
award has developed a number of initiatives to reach out to "at-risk" youth,
those with disabilities, young offenders, inner city youth, Aboriginal youth and
those in remote areas, ensuring its relevance today as it was 50 years ago.
Available to all Canadian youth ages 14 to 25, the award is broken down into
three levels: bronze, silver and gold. Each of these levels requires
accomplishments in the four sections of the program, namely, service,
expeditions, skills and fitness.
While there is a minimum age requirement for each level, these awards are
granted based on how much time has been committed to each of these four sections
by the youth. For example, to obtain the gold award, not only must an individual
fulfill the requirements in all four sections, they must also work on a fifth
section with their peers, a residential project, for a period of five
consecutive days and four nights. Some of the youth have participated in
archaeological digs, cadet camps and tall ships training expeditions.
The Duke of Edinburgh's Award has for decades inspired youth to take on
challenges that will enrich their lives. Whether or not they achieve an award,
the program helps immensely in encouraging young Canadians to develop
well-rounded, active lifestyles. I encourage all honourable senators to look
into this program and consider helping to develop an award program in your
region. It is an excellent program for the youth of our country of all
Hon. Vim Kochhar: Honourable senators, it is with great pride that I
rise in the chamber to announce the success of the Rolling Rampage, which took
place on the front steps of Parliament Hill on April 14, 2011.
The Rolling Rampage, an event designed to promote awareness of athletes who
are physically disabled, had five years of success in Toronto. As the founding
chair, I wanted to spread this event to other parts of Canada. Parliament Hill,
an institution that is the symbol of Canadian democracy, seemed like the natural
destination for the Rolling Rampage.
Rolling Rampage is a 10-kilometre international wheelchair road race with a
prize purse of $30,000, one of the highest in the world.
Many Canadians are unaware of the intricacies and commitment involved in the
sport of wheelchair road racing. On April 14, the Rolling Rampage gave the
Ottawa public their first taste of this exciting, exhilarating and challenging
race, finishing 10K in less than 23 minutes and going around Parliament Hill in
less than 1.2 minutes. The 3,000 people we had in attendance witnessed the
world's fastest athletes on wheels, and Canada's own Josh Cassidy and Diane Roy
finished first in their respective races.
Many senators in the Red Chamber today had their first experience of
wheelchair road racing as we arranged for senators to participate in their own
relay teams. I am sure many of them will agree with me when I say that it is a
lot harder than it looks.
It is incredibly important for Canadians to understand the challenges that
persons who are physically disabled face and overcome. The strong will of
individuals who are put in these unfortunate circumstances is something all
Canadians can admire and relate to. No matter how difficult the situation, we,
as Canadians, will persevere.
On behalf of the Canadian Foundation for Physically Disabled Persons, the
Canadian Paralympic Foundation, the Ottawa Lions Athletic Club and the elite
wheelchair athletes, I wish to thank the Parliament of Canada and the City of
Ottawa for the tremendous support of this historical event. Events like this
keep Canada the top nation in the disability movement.
The Hon. the Speaker: Honourable senators, I have the honour to table,
in both official languages, the sixth Annual Report, for 2010-11, of the Senate
Ethics Officer, pursuant to section 20.7 of the Parliament of Canada Act.
Hon. Joseph A. Day presented Bill S-1001, An Act respecting Queen's
University at Kingston.
(Bill read first time.)
The Hon. the Speaker: Honourable senators, when shall this bill be
read the second time?
(On motion of Senator Day, for Senator Murray, bill placed on the Orders of
the Day for second reading two days hence.)
Hon. Jane Cordy: Honourable senators, pursuant to rule 57(2), I give
notice that, two days hence:
I will draw the attention of the Senate to those Canadians living with
multiple sclerosis (MS) and chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency
(CCSVI), who lack access to the "liberation" procedure.
Hon. James S. Cowan (Leader of the Opposition): Honourable senators,
my question is for the Leader of the Government in the Senate.
The health accord between the Government of Canada and the provinces and
territories expires in 2014. Is your government committed to negotiating an
agreement with all the provinces and territories, or will it be settling for a
series of one-off deals?
Hon. Marjory LeBreton (Leader of the Government): I thank the
honourable senator for the question. Our government continues to make health
care a priority. We have increased transfer payments to the provinces and
territories by over 30 per cent since forming government so that the provinces
and territories can address their health care needs. We will continue to work
collaboratively with the provinces and territories while respecting the fact
that this is very much within their jurisdictions.
In the election we committed to increases and have budgeted a further 6 per
cent annual increase. We have also pledged to work with the provinces to reduce
waiting times and increase accountability. We will work with the provinces to
formalize those issues and other specifics in the renewed accord.
What we will not be doing is what was done by the previous government, which
basically was to pay down the deficit on the backs of the provinces and
territories. The health care system has still not recovered.
Senator Cowan: Therefore, honourable senators, there will be no single
agreement with the provinces, except for Quebec. A separate arrangement has been
concluded with Quebec. I take it from the leader's answer that there will be a
series of one-off deals with the individual provinces; is that correct?
Senator LeBreton: Senator Cowan is drawing a conclusion that I did not
make. I am simply saying that this is 2011. The existing accords last until the
year 2014. Before the coalition opposition defeated the government, a Senate
committee was about to study this important area.
The commitment the government made in the past and again during the election
campaign was to budget a further 6 per cent annual increase to the provinces and
territories. As I mentioned, the government has increased funding to the
provinces and territories by over 30 per cent since it came into power. Any
future arrangements that are made with the provinces and territories will be
made by the government as a whole, by the Minister of Health and by the Prime
Minister. The honourable senator must not draw any conclusions from my previous
Senator Cowan: I think the question was fairly simple. To the leader's
point about our committee conducting its study at the request of the Minister of
Health, I hope that request will be renewed and that our committee will be
conducting that study. I am looking at my friend Senator Ogilvie as I speak. I
hope that study will be conducted, because that committee has done useful work
in the past in that area, and I look forward to that.
My question had to do with whether or not there will be a single arrangement,
subject to the Quebec exception, or whether there will be a series of side
In every poll that I can recall in the last year or so, Canadians have shown
that the accessibility, portability and future sustainability of our health care
system is of utmost importance, and it beats out almost every issue — and
indeed, in some polls, every issue — and nothing is more important than that.
However, there is nothing in the Throne Speech, apart from the promises that the
leader mentioned, to demonstrate that this government shares that priority with
I need to know from the leader how Canadians can be assured that they will
have access to appropriate health care wherever they live in the country, rather
than a patchwork of different systems and standards, which would be the
inevitable result, I suggest, of the government's patchwork approach to this
Senator LeBreton: The government is not taking a patchwork approach to
the problem. This is 2011. The existing accords do not expire until 2014. The
honourable senator is naturally drawing conclusions or making assumptions that
have no basis in fact.
There is no doubt that Canada's health care system and the issue of health
care is very important to Canadians. We certainly recognize that. That is why we
have lived up to our commitments to the provinces and territories. Talking about
issues being top of mind, I would dare say that on May 2 the Canadian public
gave this government a clear mandate to continue governing, and our stated
position on health care was part of that mandate.
Hon. Grant Mitchell: Honourable senators, under the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change, Canada has an obligation to report each
year on greenhouse gas emissions from our various industrial sectors. In fact,
traditionally our government has reported, sector by sector, on emissions.
However, this year, interestingly, the government failed to report on
significant increases in greenhouse gas emissions in the oil sands sector. Did
this government mislead the UN — in fact, mislead the world — on purpose, or was
this just an unfortunate oversight?
Hon. Marjory LeBreton (Leader of the Government): I am always amazed
that Senator Mitchell, representing the province of Alberta, always attacks a
very important industry for Alberta in the oil sands project. I often wonder how
he gets through the Calgary airport. He must have to put a brown bag on his
The fact of the matter is that our government is concentrating on what
matters to Canadians — jobs and economic growth. The oil sands are responsible
for over 140,000 jobs across Canada and that number is expected to grow. We know
the importance of getting the environmental challenges right. That is why we
have invested in new technology to help minimize the impact on the environment.
Senator Mitchell: The funny thing is that Albertans actually like to
tell the truth; and when you send the wrong messages and give the wrong
information, you are not representing Albertans, nor any Canadian in this
country, or elsewhere, for that matter.
Is the leader actually inferring that the only way we could represent
Albertans on an industry that is very important to them is not to tell the truth
to the world?
Senator LeBreton: I think that Albertans are well known for telling
the truth. Witness the results of the election on May 2.
Senator Mitchell: It is interesting, because the Canadian Association
of Petroleum Producers was telling the truth. Is the government aware that that
association, in reaction to this report that is misleading the world, has said
that they expected greater transparency from their government and that they fear
the figures that were put into that report will, in fact, mislead the world and
discredit Canada, Alberta, and the industry?
Senator LeBreton: I absolutely do not accept the comments just made by
Senator Mitchell. He knows that is not the case. The government is very
responsible in all elements of the environment. It is irresponsible for the
honourable senator to make assumptions that are flat out false.
Senator Mitchell: Could the leader accept that her spokesperson said
that the government purposely put the data in that report in that way, and could
the government correct this oversight? Could the government commit right now to
correct this oversight and to send a corrected report to the UN, and to the
world, in the hope of perhaps regaining some credibility in the world on this
very important issue?
Senator LeBreton: I thank the senator for the question. I will pass on
his misinformation to the powers that be.
Hon. Lucie Pépin: Honourable senators, my question has to do with the
Last Post Fund, the federal program that ensures that impoverished veterans
receive a dignified funeral in return for their service. The $3,600 provided
through this program does not cover the actual cost of a funeral. Veterans'
associations believe that this amount should be increased and have called on the
government to do so. Yet veterans will have to wait once again, since this
year's budget does not contain any measures to correct this problem.
How can we reassure our veterans who are worried about not having suitable
funerals because of a lack of financial resources?
Hon. Marjory LeBreton (Leader of the Government): I thank Senator
Pépin for the question. As honourable senators know, we have a new Minister of
Veterans Affairs in the person of our colleague from the province of Quebec, Mr.
Blaney. While the government has made great strides on improving services to
veterans, we realize that we still have some work to do.
There is updated information that I do not have available to me right now, so
I will be happy to take the question as notice and provide the proper
Senator Pépin: Honourable senators, in 2009, the Veterans Ombudsman
conducted an administrative review of the veterans' funeral program. The report
made seven major recommendations to improve this program. That was in 2009.
Could the Leader of the Government in the Senate tell us what progress the
government has made in implementing these recommendations?
Senator LeBreton: As Senator Pépin mentioned, the former ombudsman
made several recommendations. I will take the question as notice and provide an
Hon. Catherine S. Callbeck: Honourable senators, my question is
directed to the Leader of the Government in the Senate. I was disappointed that
the Speech from the Throne did not mention any commitment to expand passport
services in Prince Edward Island. We all know that Islanders are the only
Canadians who must go outside their own province to apply for an urgent or
emergency passport: They have to go to Fredericton or Halifax.
What will the government do to ensure that Islanders can apply in person for
an emergency or express passport in their own province?
Hon. Marjory LeBreton (Leader of the Government): Honourable senators,
I thank Senator Callbeck for the question. This is a question that she has asked
in the past. As honourable senators know, the government has vastly increased
the capacity of Service Canada. As well, individual members of Parliament
provide passport clinics in their own constituency offices.
I did ask, honourable senators, how many people across the country, on
average, are not being well served by our passport offices. As opposed to a few
years ago, when this was a serious issue, one area that has been a tremendous
success is the streamlined process that the government has provided to ensure
that all Canadians have access to passport services.
I do believe, honourable senators, in relation to the questions Senator
Callbeck asked before about the specific cases of emergency passports, that I
took that question as notice. I asked for specific information from Passport
Canada. Of course, the defeat of the government by the opposition coalition
caused all questions that I had taken as notice to die on the Order Paper. I
will be happy to submit the question once again for a written answer.
Senator Callbeck: Honourable senators, I am specifically asking about
emergency and urgent passports and the fact that Islanders must go outside their
province to apply for this type of passport.
Earlier this year the government announced that some Service Canada staff
members were now authorized to review and validate that the applicant had
provided an acceptable proof of Canadian citizenship document to support the
In March I asked the Leader of the Government why the same staff members
could not be trained to accept applications in person for urgent or express
passports. The leader indicated then that she would take the comments to the
minister. Has she received a reply to this question from the minister?
Senator LeBreton: Honourable senators, I just received a note that an
answer was provided to Senator Callbeck, by way of a delayed answer on March 24.
I will ask my office to retrieve that answer and resubmit it.
Senator Callbeck: With all due respect, that answer did not respond to
my question. The specific question is why the same staff members who are now
trained to review and validate the application cannot be trained to take
applications for urgent and emergency passports.
Senator LeBreton: I thank the honourable senator for the question. I
will take it as notice.
Hon. Elizabeth Hubley: Honourable senators, my question is directed to
the Leader of the Government in the Senate. When I read the budget I was
delighted to see the government pledge to promote safer Aboriginal communities.
Statistics show that the violent crime rate in Nunavut is nine times the
national average. This is unacceptable.
Clearly we must take action to keep our northern communities safe, but the
strategy proposed by the government in Monday's budget is a band-aid solution.
The government is planning to spend millions of dollars to hire more police
officers, prosecutors and judges in order to put more Aboriginal people behind
bars. Meanwhile, it has cut funding for Aboriginal housing by 45 per cent. This
is the wrong approach.
We know that overcrowding is a serious problem in Aboriginal communities. Not
surprisingly, overcrowding has been linked to chronic stress, frustration,
substance abuse and, ultimately, domestic violence.
Why is the government not taking a proactive approach to crime in Aboriginal
communities by investing in preventative measures, such as building more
housing, rather than simply sending more vulnerable people to jail?
Hon. Marjory LeBreton (Leader of the Government): The honourable
senator has a selective view. Much work has been done in bettering the lives of
our Aboriginal communities. There is no doubt that there is a great deal of work
yet to be done.
I will again put on the record some of the things the government has done
since taking office: We have made important and strategic investments in
improving the lives of Aboriginal Canadians; we have made great progress on
economic development, schools, housing, water quality, land claims and
education. As I mentioned a moment ago, there is still a lot more to be done.
We are once again delivering strategic investments to help improve the lives
of all Aboriginal Canadians and northerners in economic development,
infrastructure, green energy, crime prevention and, of course — as the Speech
from the Throne mentioned in terms of economic development — a road from Inuvik
to Tuktoyaktuk. The budget also provides student loan forgiveness for doctors
and nurses working in remote areas, including Aboriginal areas, and outlines an
investment of $9 million for adult basic education in the North. All of these
measures are far and beyond the honourable senator's claim that all we are
trying to do is put people in jail.
Since 2006, we have delivered a great many projects through our Economic
Action Plan, which have provided facilities, work, training and education in the
more high-risk areas in Aboriginal communities, on reserves and in the North.
Since coming to office, we have made significant investments of almost $1
billion to improve on-reserve housing for First Nations. I am not certain where
the honourable senator gets the idea that we are not committed to housing. Of
course, these investments have contributed to an annual average of 2,300 new
units and 3,300 renovations, and also support social housing and other
I think the honourable senator should be prepared to give credit where credit
is due. We have made great strides in trying to improve the lives of our
Senator Hubley: I do appreciate the answer, and I commend all
governments on any initiatives they put forward through their programs to
advance our Aboriginal communities. I mentioned that the crime rate in Nunavut
is nine times that of the rest of Canada. That is still an unacceptable number.
Given the fact that a number of federal offenders, in particular Aboriginal
offenders, suffer from addictions and mental health problems, and that these
numbers are on the rise, why does the budget not address these issues as part of
its strategy to improve public safety for our Aboriginal communities?
Senator LeBreton: I thank Senator Hubley for the question. When one
looks at the programs that the government has embarked upon, there is no
question that the situation in the North — with our Aboriginal communities in
terms of the crime rate, substance abuse and all of the issues the honourable
senator mentioned — is massively difficult to deal with. However, through the
Department of Indian and Northern Affairs and other agencies, such as HRSDC and
Health Canada, there are a host of government programs which deal specifically
with health issues in the North and with our Aboriginal communities. There is a
long list of programs that the government has embarked upon, and I will be happy
to provide that list to Senator Hubley.
Hon. Claude Carignan (Deputy Leader of the Government): Honourable
senators, since we are in the process of setting up the various committees in
order to proceed with the business of the Senate, and because we have reached
the end of the Order Paper, I move that the Senate adjourn until tomorrow.
(The Senate adjourned until 2 p.m. tomorrow.)