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69 Elizabeth II , A.D. 2020, Canada

2nd Session, 43rd Parliament

Issue 14 (Unrevised)

Tuesday, December 1, 2020
2 p.m.

The Honourable GEORGE J. FUREY, Speaker


The Members convened were:

The Honourable Senators

AndersonAtaullahjanBattersBellemareBernardBeyakBlack (Alberta)Black (Ontario)BoehmBoisvenuBonifaceBoveyBrazeauBussonCampbellCarignanCordyCormierCotterCoyleDagenaisDalphondDaskoDawsonDeacon (Nova Scotia)Deacon (Ontario)DeanDowneDuffyDuncanDupuisForestForest-NiesingFrancisFrumFureyGagnéGalvezGoldGreeneGriffinHarderHartlingHousakosJafferKlyneKutcherLaBoucane-BensonLankinLoffredaMacDonaldManningMarshallMartinMarwahMassicotteMcCallumMcPhedranMégieMercerMiville-DechêneMocklerMoncionMoodieMunsonNgoOhOmidvarPatePattersonPlettPoirierRavaliaRichardsRinguetteSaint-GermainSeidmanSimonsSmithStewart OlsenTannasVernerWallinWellsWetstonWhiteWoo

The Members in attendance to business were:

The Honourable Senators

AndersonAtaullahjanBattersBellemareBernardBeyakBlack (Alberta)Black (Ontario)BoehmBoisvenuBonifaceBoveyBrazeauBussonCampbellCarignanCordyCormierCotterCoyleDagenaisDalphondDaskoDawsonDeacon (Nova Scotia)Deacon (Ontario)DeanDowneDuffyDuncanDupuisForestForest-NiesingFrancisFrumFureyGagnéGalvezGoldGreeneGriffinHarderHartlingHousakosJafferKlyneKutcherLaBoucane-BensonLankinLoffredaMacDonaldManningMarshallMartinMarwahMassicotteMcCallumMcPhedranMégieMercerMiville-DechêneMocklerMoncionMoodieMunsonNgoOhOmidvarPatePattersonPlettPoirierRavaliaRichardsRinguetteSaint-GermainSeidmanSimonsSmithStewart OlsenTannasVernerWallinWellsWetstonWhiteWoo

The first list records senators present in the Senate Chamber during the course of the sitting.

An asterisk in the second list indicates a senator who, while not present during the sitting, was in attendance to business, as defined in subsections 8(2) and (3) of the Senators Attendance Policy.

(Pursuant to rule 3-6(2), the adjournment of the Senate was extended from November 30, 2020 to December 1, 2020.)

PRAYERS

Senators’ Statements

Some Honourable Senators made statements.

ROUTINE PROCEEDINGS

Tabling of Documents

The Honourable the Speaker tabled the following:

The 2020 Annual Reports of the Auditor General of Canada to the Parliament of Canada, pursuant to the Auditor General Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. A-17, sbs. 7(5).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-452.

o o o

The Honourable Senator Gold, P.C., tabled the following:

Report to Parliament with Respect to the Convention and Recommendation concerning Violence and Harassment adopted at the 108th Session (June 2019) of the International Labour Conference, Geneva, Switzerland.—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-453.

Document entitled “Supporting Canadians and Fighting COVID-19: Fall Economic Statement 2020”.—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-454.

Presenting or Tabling Reports from Committees

The Honourable Senator Marwah, Chair of the Standing Committee on Internal Economy, Budgets and Administration, tabled the first report of the committee, entitled Financial Statements of the Senate of Canada for the year ended March 31, 2020.—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-455S.

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The Honourable Senator Marwah, Chair of the Standing Committee on Internal Economy, Budgets and Administration, tabled the second report of the committee, entitled Annual Report on Parliamentary Associations’ Activities and Expenditures for 2019-20.—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-456S.

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The Honourable Senator Boehm tabled the following (Sessional Paper No. 2/43-457S):

Tuesday, December 1, 2020

The Standing Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade has the honour to table its

FIRST REPORT

Your committee, which was authorized by the Senate to incur expenses for the purpose of its examination and consideration of such matters as were referred to it, tables, pursuant to rule 12-26(2), the following report on expenses incurred for that purpose during the First Session of the Forty-third Parliament:

Witness Expenses $ 750

During the session, your committee held four meetings (5 hours 24 minutes) and heard 20 witnesses. Your committee received one order of reference to examine the subject matter of one bill.

Respectfully submitted,

PETER M. BOEHM

Chair

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The Honourable Senator Wetston tabled the following (Sessional Paper No. 2/43-458S):

Tuesday, December 1, 2020

The Standing Senate Committee on Banking, Trade and Commerce has the honour to table its

FIRST REPORT

Your committee, which was authorized by the Senate to incur expenses for the purpose of its examination and consideration of such matters as were referred to it, tables, pursuant to rule 12-26(2), the following report on expenses incurred for that purpose during the First Session of the Forty-second Parliament:

1. Witness Expenses $ 54,055

 2. With respect to its special study on issues pertaining to internal barriers to trade, authorized by the Senate on Tuesday, February 16, 2016 (final report tabled June 2016):

Travel Expense $ 24,227

 3. With respect to its special study on the current and emerging issues of the banking sector and monetary policy of the United States, authorized by the Senate on Thursday, February 16, 2017 (final report tabled June 2017):

Travel Expense $ 44,563

 4. With respect to its special study on issues and concerns pertaining to cyber security and cyber fraud, authorized by the Senate on Tuesday, October 17, 2017 (final report tabled October 2018):

Travel Expense $ 12,421

During the session, your committee held 141 meetings (201 hours, 68 minutes), heard 504 witnesses and submitted 32 reports in relation to its work. Your committee examined 7 bills , the subject-matter of 6 budget bills, 11 special studies, 2 government responses and received a total of 26 orders of reference.

During the First Session of the Forty-third Parliament the committee was not created and therefore did not incur any expenses.

Respectfully submitted,

HOWARD WETSTON

Chair

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The Honourable Senator Wells presented the following:

Tuesday, December 1, 2020

The Standing Committee on Audit and Oversight has the honour to present its

FIRST REPORT

Your committee, which is authorized by the Senate to supervise and report on the Senate’s internal and external audits and related matters, now presents its first report.

Rule 12-13(4) of the Rules of the Senate requires that your committee, after electing its chair and deputy chair, adopt a report to the Senate nominating two external members for the committee. This report must be agreed to by all three senators who are members of the committee and is expected to include recommendations on remuneration and permissible expenses for the external members. A former senator or former member of the House of Commons is not eligible to be nominated as an external member.

Your committee met for the first time on November 25, 2020, pursuant to rule 12-13(2), for the purpose of organization and to elect its chair and deputy chair. At that meeting, members discussed the requirement to adopt a report to nominate its external members. Your committee also took note that the principles of integrity, independence, transparency and accountability will be essential to fulfilling the mandate of the committee. After further discussion, your committee determined that it would therefore be essential to establish a transparent process to assist the committee in selecting external members.

Your committee therefore recommends as follows:

That, until its external members have been approved by the Senate, and notwithstanding rules 12-6(2) and 12-13(4):

1.the quorum of the committee continue to be the three senators who are members of the committee; and

2.the committee be authorized to meet only to consider issues relating to the nomination of its external members to the Senate, including recommendations on remuneration and permissible expenses, provided, for greater certainty, that the requirement that the report nominating the external members be approved by all three senators who are members of the committee, remains in effect.

3.The committee will undertake its work immediately so that it may report back to the Senate with a recommendation for the appointment of the two external members.

Your committee also recommends:

That, notwithstanding any provision of the Rules, previous order or usual practice, and taking into account the exceptional circumstances of the current pandemic of COVID-19, for the remainder of this parliamentary session the Standing Senate Committee on Audit and Oversight have the power to hold hybrid meetings or to hold meetings entirely by videoconference, with committee members able to participate either from the meeting room in the parliamentary precinct or by videoconference; and

That, for greater certainty, the provisions of subparagraphs 7-10 of the order adopted by the Senate on November 17, 2020, concerning hybrid meetings and meetings entirely by videoconference, apply in relation to meetings of the committee.

Respectfully submitted,

DAVID M. WELLS

Chair

The Honourable Senator Wells moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator Seidman, that the report be placed on the Orders of the Day for consideration at the next sitting.

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted.

Introduction and First Reading of Government Bills

A message was brought from the House of Commons with Bill C-3, An Act to amend the Judges Act and the Criminal Code, to which it desires the concurrence of the Senate.

The bill was read the first time.

The Honourable Senator Gold, P.C., moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator LaBoucane-Benson, that the bill be placed on the Orders of the Day for a second reading two days hence.

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted.

o o o

The Honourable Senator Gold, P.C., introduced Bill S-3, An Act to amend the Offshore Health and Safety Act.

The bill was read the first time.

The Honourable Senator Gold, P.C., moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator LaBoucane-Benson, that the bill be placed on the Orders of the Day for a second reading two days hence.

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted.

Introduction and First Reading of Senate Public Bills

The Honourable Senator Boisvenu introduced Bill S-219, An Act to amend the Corrections and Conditional Release Act (disclosure of information to victims).

The bill was read the first time.

The Honourable Senator Boisvenu moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator Batters, that the bill be placed on the Orders of the Day for a second reading two days hence.

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted.

Question Period

The Senate proceeded to Question Period.

Orders of the Day

Government Business

Bills – Second Reading

Order No. 1 was called and postponed until the next sitting.

Motions

Order No. 1 was called and postponed until the next sitting.

Other Business

Senate Public Bills – Second Reading

Orders No. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 were called and postponed until the next sitting.

Motions

Orders No. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 were called and postponed until the next sitting.

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Resuming debate on the motion of the Honourable Senator Housakos, seconded by the Honourable Senator Martin:

That the Senate of Canada call upon the Government of Canada to conduct and publish an analysis, no later than March 30, 2021, on Iran-sponsored terrorism, incitement to hatred, and human rights violations, emanating from Iran and to identify and impose sanctions, pursuant to the Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials Act (Sergei Magnitsky Law), against Iranian officials responsible for those activities.

After debate,

The Honourable Senator Dasko moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator Marwah, that further debate on the motion be adjourned until the next sitting.

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted.

o o o

Order No. 8 was called and postponed until the next sitting.

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Resuming debate on the motion of the Honourable Senator Housakos, seconded by the Honourable Senator Martin:

That the Standing Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology be authorized to examine and report on the implementation and success of a federal framework on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by the Government of Canada as it relates to the four identified priority areas with a focus on data collection, that is, improved tracking of the rate of PTSD amongst first responders and its associated economic and social costs, when and if the committee is formed; and

That the committee submit its final report no later than February 28, 2021.

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted on the following vote:

YEAS

The Honourable Senators

AtaullahjanBattersBellemareBeyakBonifaceBrazeauBussonCampbellCarignanCotterDalphondDawsonFrumGagnéGoldGreeneGriffinHarderHousakosJafferKlyneKutcherLaBoucane-BensonLankinLoffredaMacDonaldManningMarshallMartinMassicotteMcPhedranMercerMocklerMunsonNgoOhPattersonPlettPoirierRavaliaRichardsSeidmanSmithStewart OlsenWellsWetston—46

NAYS

The Honourable Senators

AndersonBernardBlack (Alberta)Black (Ontario)BoehmBoveyDagenaisDaskoDeanDowneDuffyDuncanDupuisForestHartlingMcCallumOmidvarSimonsTannasWoo—20

ABSTENTIONS

The Honourable Senators

CordyCormierCoyleDeacon (Nova Scotia)Deacon (Ontario)Forest-NiesingFrancisGalvezMarwahMégieMiville-DechêneMoncionMoodiePateRinguetteSaint-Germain—16

o o o

Orders No. 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 27 and 29 were called and postponed until the next sitting.

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Resuming debate on the motion of the Honourable Senator Pate, seconded by the Honourable Senator Boehm:

That the Standing Senate Committee on Human Rights be authorized to examine and report on issues relating to the human rights of federally sentenced persons in the correctional system, with reference to both national and international law and standards, as well as to examine the situation of marginalized or disadvantaged groups in federal prisons, including Black and Indigenous Peoples, racialized persons, women and those with mental health concerns, when and if the committee is formed;

That the papers and evidence received and taken and work accomplished by the committee on this subject during the First Session of the Forty-second Parliament be referred to the committee; and

That the committee submit its final report no later than June 30, 2021.

After debate,

The Honourable Senator Martin moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator Plett, that further debate on the motion be adjourned until the next sitting.

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted, on division.

o o o

Order No. 33 was called and postponed until the next sitting.

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Resuming debate on the motion of the Honourable Senator Housakos, seconded by the Honourable Senator Smith:

That the Senate of Canada call upon the Government of Canada to immediately condemn the joint Azerbaijani-Turkish aggression against the Republic of Artsakh, uphold the ban on military exports to Turkey, recognize the Republic of Artsakh’s inalienable right to self-determination and, in light of further escalation and continued targeting of innocent Armenian civilians, recognize the independence of the Republic of Artsakh.

Debate.


At 4:28 p.m., the sitting was suspended.

At 4:31 p.m., the sitting resumed.


The Senate resumed debate on the motion of the Honourable Senator Housakos, seconded by the Honourable Senator Smith:

That the Senate of Canada call upon the Government of Canada to immediately condemn the joint Azerbaijani-Turkish aggression against the Republic of Artsakh, uphold the ban on military exports to Turkey, recognize the Republic of Artsakh’s inalienable right to self-determination and, in light of further escalation and continued targeting of innocent Armenian civilians, recognize the independence of the Republic of Artsakh.

After debate,

The Honourable Senator Dasko moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator Woo, that further debate on the motion be adjourned until the next sitting.

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted.

o o o

Resuming debate on the motion of the Honourable Senator Francis, seconded by the Honourable Senator Pate:

That the Senate affirm and honour the 1999 Supreme Court of Canada Marshall decision, and call upon the Government of Canada to do likewise, upholding Mi’kmaw treaty rights to a moderate livelihood fishery, as established by Peace and Friendship Treaties signed in 1760 and 1761, and as enshrined in section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982; and

That the Senate condemn the violent and criminal acts interfering with the exercise of these treaty rights and requests immediate respect for and enforcement of the criminal laws of Canada, including protection for Mi’kmaw fishers and communities.

After debate,

The Honourable Senator McCallum moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator Cotter, that further debate on the motion be adjourned until the next sitting.

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted.

o o o

Orders No. 41 and 43 were called and postponed until the next sitting.

Inquiries

Order No. 1 was called and postponed until the next sitting.

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Resuming debate on the inquiry of the Honourable Senator Seidman, calling the attention of the Senate to weaknesses within Canada’s long-term care system, which have been exposed by the COVID-19 pandemic.

After debate,

The Honourable Senator Dasko moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator Saint-Germain, that further debate on the inquiry be adjourned until the next sitting.

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted.

o o o

Order No. 7 was called and postponed until the next sitting.


Pursuant to rule 3-3(1) and the order adopted by the Senate on October 27, 2020, the Acting Speaker left the Chair to resume the same at 7 p.m.

The sitting resumed.

MOTIONS

The Honourable Senator Brazeau moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator Harder, P.C.:

That the Standing Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology be authorized to examine and report on suicide prevention and mental health needs among Canadian boys and men, and the overrepresentation of Indigenous peoples in suicide statistics, when and if the committee is formed; and

That the committee submit its final report no later than December 31, 2021.

After debate,

The Honourable Senator Martin moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator Seidman, that further debate on the motion be adjourned until the next sitting.

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted.

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The Honourable Senator Cormier moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator Forest:

That, given the year 2020 is the deadline to achieve the 90-90-90 treatment target of UNAIDS, the Senate of Canada call upon the Government of Canada to evaluate the cost of implementing the Government of Canada five-year action plan on sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections, to establish national targets in the fight against HIV/AIDS and to increase funding for the Federal Initiative to Address HIV/AIDS in Canada pursuant to the 20th recommendation of the 28th report of the Standing Committee on Health, tabled in the House of Commons during the First Session of the Forty-second Parliament.

After debate,

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted, on division.

o o o

Order No. 46 was withdrawn pursuant to rule 5-10(2).

INQUIRIES

The Honourable Senator Plett called the attention of the Senate to the Province of Manitoba’s one hundred and fiftieth anniversary.

After debate,

The Honourable Senator McCallum moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator Cotter, that further debate on the inquiry be adjourned until the next sitting.

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted.

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The Honourable Senator Moodie called the attention of the Senate to the career of former senator the Honourable Landon Pearson.

After debate,

The Honourable Senator Munson moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator Harder, P.C., that further debate on the inquiry be adjourned until the next sitting.

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted.

o o o

The Honourable Senator Omidvar called the attention of the Senate to the link between Canada’s past, present and future prosperity and its deep connection to immigration.

After debate,

The Honourable Senator Loffreda moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator LaBoucane-Benson, that further debate on the inquiry be adjourned until the next sitting.

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted.

ADJOURNMENT

The Honourable Senator Gagné moved, seconded by the Honourable Senator LaBoucane-Benson:

That the Senate do now adjourn.

The question being put on the motion, it was adopted.

(Accordingly, at 8:57 p.m., the Senate was continued until tomorrow at 2 p.m.)

DOCUMENTS DEPOSITED WITH THE CLERK OF THE SENATE PURSUANT TO RULE 14-1(7)

Report of operations under the Fisheries Development Act for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020, pursuant to the Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. F-21, s. 10.—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-431.

Summary of the Corporate Plan for 2020-21 to 2024-25 of the Canada Infrastructure Bank, pursuant to the Financial Administration Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. F-11, sbs. 125(4).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-432.

Report of the administration of the Firearms Act for the year 2019, pursuant to the Act, S.C. 1995, c. 39, sbs. 93(2).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-433.

Amendment to the Agreement for RCMP policing services (First Nations Community Policing Service) for the Government of the Northwest Territories, pursuant to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. R-10, sbs. 20(5).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-434.

Report on the administration and enforcement of the Energy Efficiency Act for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2019, pursuant to the Act, S.C. 1992, c. 36, s. 36.—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-435.

Report by Export Development Canada on Canada Account Operations for the fiscal year 2018-19, pursuant to the Financial Administration Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. F-11, sbs. 150(1).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-436.

Borrowing Authority Act Report to Parliament 2020, pursuant to the Act, R.S.C. 2017, c. 20, sbs. 8(1).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-437.

Actuarial Report (including certification of assets) on the Regular Force Death Benefit Account as of March 31, 2019, pursuant to the Canadian Forces Superannuation Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-17, s. 71(1).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-438.

Actuarial Report (including cost certificate) on the Pension Plans for the Canadian Forces as of March 31, 2019, and certification of assets of the pension plans, pursuant to the Public Pensions Reporting Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. 13 (2nd Supp.), sbs. 9(1).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-439.

Actuarial Report (including the certificate of assets) on the Pension Plan for the Members of Parliament as of March 31, 2019, for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2019, pursuant to the Public Pensions Reporting Act, R.S.C. 1985, c.13 (2nd Supp.), sbs. 9(1).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-440.

Actuarial Report (including cost certificate) on the Pension Plan for Federally Appointed Judges as of March 31, 2019, and the certificate of assets of the Pension Plan for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2019, pursuant to the Public Pensions Reporting Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. 13 (2nd Supp.), sbs. 9(1).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-441.

Annual Report of the Specific Claims Tribunal for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020, pursuant to the Specific Claims Tribunal Act, S.C. 2008, c. 22, s. 40.—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-442.

Report of Ridley Terminals Inc., together with the Auditor General’s Report, for the year ended December 31, 2019, pursuant to the Financial Administration Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. F-11, sbs. 150(1).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-443.

Service Fees Report of the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission for 2019 to 2020, pursuant to the Service Fees Act, S.C. 2017, c. 20, s. 20.—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-444.

Report of the Canadian Dairy Commission for the dairy year ending July 31, 2020, together with the Auditor General’s Report, pursuant to the Financial Administration Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. F-11, sbs. 150(1).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-445.

Service Fees Report of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada from 2019 to 2020, pursuant to the Service Fees Act, S.C. 2017, c. 20, s. 20.—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-446.

Interim Order No. 12 Respecting Certain Requirements for Civil Aviation Due to COVID-19, pursuant to the Aeronautics Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. A-2, sbs. 6.41(5) and (6).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-447.

Interim Order No. 14 Respecting Certain Requirements for Civil Aviation Due to COVID-19, pursuant to the Aeronautics Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. A-2, sbs. 6.41(5) and (6).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-448.

Interim Order Respecting Drug Shortages (Safeguarding the Drug Supply), pursuant to the Food and Drugs Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. F-27, sbs. 30.1(6) and (7).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-449.

Copy of Order in Council P.C. 2020-886 concerning minimizing the risk of exposure to COVID-19 in Canada, pursuant to the Quarantine Act, S.C. 2005, c. 20, sbs. 61(2).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-450.

Notice of opinion concerning Regulations Amending the Firearms Marking Regulations, pursuant to the Firearms Act, S.C. 1995, c. 39, sbs. 119(4).—Sessional Paper No. 2/43-451.

Changes in Membership of Committees Pursuant to Rule 12-5

Standing Senate Committee on Aboriginal Peoples

The Honourable Senator Plett replaced the Honourable Senator Wells (November 30, 2020).

The Honourable Senator Wells replaced the Honourable Senator Plett (November 27, 2020).

Standing Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry

The Honourable Senator Bellemare was removed from the membership of the committee, substitution pending (November 30, 2020).

Standing Senate Committee on Energy, the Environment and Natural Resources

The Honourable Senator Verner, P.C., replaced the Honourable Senator Griffin (December 1, 2020).

The Honourable Senator Griffin replaced the Honourable Senator Verner, P.C. (November 26, 2020).

The Honourable Senator Verner, P.C., replaced the Honourable Senator Black (Ontario) (November 23, 2020).

Standing Senate Committee on Human Rights

The Honourable Senator Stewart Olsen replaced the Honourable Senator Martin (December 1, 2020).

Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs

The Honourable Senator Boisvenu replaced the Honourable Senator Ataullahjan (November 30, 2020).

The Honourable Senator Ataullahjan replaced the Honourable Senator Frum (November 27, 2020).

The Honourable Senator Boyer replaced the Honourable Senator Pate (November 27, 2020).

The Honourable Senator Petitclerc replaced the Honourable Senator Boniface (November 26, 2020).

The Honourable Senator Frum replaced the Honourable Senator Boisvenu (November 26, 2020).

The Honourable Senator Boniface replaced the Honourable Senator Petitclerc (November 26, 2020).

The Honourable Senator Keating replaced the Honourable Senator Kutcher (November 26, 2020).

The Honourable Senator Kutcher replaced the Honourable Senator Keating (November 26, 2020).

The Honourable Senator Pate replaced the Honourable Senator Kutcher (November 26, 2020).

The Honourable Senator Kutcher replaced the Honourable Senator Boyer (November 25, 2020).

The Honourable Senator Cotter replaced the Honourable Senator Boniface (November 24, 2020).

The Honourable Senator Petitclerc replaced the Honourable Senator Cotter (November 23, 2020).

Standing Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology

The Honourable Senator Plett replaced the Honourable Senator Stewart Olsen (November 30, 2020).

The Honourable Senator Stewart Olsen replaced the Honourable Senator Plett (November 27, 2020).