Canadian Security Guide Book

2005 EDITION

An Update of Security Problems in Search of Solutions

Standing Senate Committee on National Security and Defence

December 2004


MEMBERSHIP

38th Parliament – 1st Session

STANDING COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY AND DEFENCE

The Honourable Colin Kenny, Chair
The Honourable J. Michael Forrestall, Vice-Chair

and

The Honourable Senators:
The Honourable Norman K. Atkins
The Honourable Tommy Banks
The Honourable Jane Cordy
The Honourable Joseph A. Day
The Honourable John Lynch-Staunton
The Honourable Michael A. Meighen
The Honourable Jim Munson

*The Honourable Jack Austin P.C. (or the Honourable William Rompkey, P.C.)
*The Honourable Noël A. Kinsella (or the Honourable Terry Stratton)

*Ex Officio Members

Other Senators who participated during the 38th Parliament – 1st Session:

The Honourable Senators:

The Honourable Terry M. Mercer
The Honourable Wilfred P. Moore
The Honourable Pierre Clause Nolin
The Honourable William Rompkey
The Honourable Peter A. Stollery
The Honourable Marilyn Trenholme Counsell

 

MEMBERSHIP

37th Parliament – 3rd Session

STANDING COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY AND DEFENCE

The Honourable Colin Kenny, Chair
The Honourable J. Michael Forrestall, Vice-Chair

and

The Honourable Senators:
The Honourable Norman K. Atkins
The Honourable Tommy Banks
The Honourable Jane Cordy
The Honourable Joseph A. Day
The Honourable Michael A. Meighen
The Honourable Jim Munson
The Honourable David P. Smith, P.C.

*The Honourable Jack Austin P.C. (or the Honourable William Rompkey, P.C.)
*The Honourable John Lynch-Staunton (or the Honourable Noël A. Kinsella)

*Ex Officio Members

MEMBERSHIP

37th Parliament – 2nd Session

STANDING COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY AND DEFENCE

The Honourable Colin Kenny, Chair
The Honourable J. Michael Forrestall, Vice-Chair

and

The Honourable Senators:

The Honourable Norman K. Atkins
The Honourable Tommy Banks
The Honourable Jane Cordy
The Honourable Joseph A. Day
The Honourable Michael A. Meighen
The Honourable David P. Smith, P.C.
The Honourable John (Jack) Wiebe

*The Honourable Sharon Carstairs P.C. (or the Honourable Fernand Robichaud, P.C.)
*The Honourable John Lynch-Staunton (or the Honourable Noël A. Kinsella)

*Ex Officio Members

 

MEMBERSHIP

37th Parliament – 1st Session

STANDING COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY AND DEFENCE

The Honourable Colin Kenny, Chair
The Honourable J. Michael Forrestall, Vice-Chair

and

The Honourable Senators:

The Honourable Norman K. Atkins
The Honourable Tommy Banks
The Honourable Jane Cordy
The Honourable Joseph A. Day
The Honourable Laurier L. LaPierre
The Honourable Michael A. Meighen
The Honourable John (Jack) Wiebe

*The Honourable Sharon Carstairs P.C. (or the Honourable Fernand Robichaud, P.C.)
*The Honourable John Lynch-Staunton (or the Honourable Noël A. Kinsella)

*Ex Officio Members


TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1

Introduction

Reading the Report

 

CHAPTER 2

Border Crossings

Problem 1:  Poor Threat Identification at the Border
Problem 2:  Long Canadian Security Intelligence Service Processing Times.
Problem 3:  Undertrained Part-Time Customs Staff
Problem 4:  Unsafe Border Posts.
Problem 5:  Arm Customs Officials?

 

CHAPTER 3

Coasts

Problem 1:  Canada’s Vulnerable Coasts.
Problem 2:  Coastal Radar - Off the Government’s radar?
Problem 3:  Inadequate Short-Range Coastal Patrols
Problem 4:  Inadequate Long-Range Coastal Patrols
Problem 5:  Canada’s Toothless Coast Guard
Problem 6:  No Notification Prior to Arrival
Problem 7:  Taking Incoming Vessels at Their Word
Problem 8:  Need Network for Maritime Warnings
Problem 9:  Unannounced Vessels
Problem 10: Transponders for Smaller Vessels
Problem 11: Dangerous Containers
Problem 12: Lack of Border Officials Abroad
Problem 13: Great Lakes Surveillance
Problem 14: Surveillance of Coasts, Lakes and Rivers
Problem 15: Training Delays

 

CHAPTER 4

Canadian Forces

Problem 1:  Budget Cuts
Problem 2:  Capital Acquisitions Falling Behind.
Problem 3:  Overheated Operational Tempo
Problem 4:  Too Few Personnel – Too High Tempo
Problem 5:  Overdue Defence Policy Review
Problem 6:  Lack of Large-Scale Training Exercises
Problem 7:  The Slow Move to Wainwright

 

CHAPTER 5

Structure and Coordination of Government

Problem 1:  Need for Muscle at the Top
Problem 2:  Need for A Strong Team
Problem 3:  Coordination at the Top
Problem 4:  The Missing National Security Policy
Problem 5:  Need for Crisis Command Centres
Problem 6:  Need for Canada-U.S. Coordination
Problem 7:  Slow Progress at Information-Sharing
Problem 8:  Lack of Surveillance Coordination
Problem 9:  Intelligence Community Understaffed
Problem 10: Weak Overseas Intelligence
Problem 11:  Information Fusion Failures
Problem 12:  Lack of Oversight
Problem 13: Coordination Lacking In Coastal Defence.
Problem 14: Allocations of Proceeds of Crime
Problem 15: Canada Too Inward Looking

 

CHAPTER 6

Ports

Problem 1:  Vulnerable Ports
Problem 2:  Organized Crime in Ports
Problem 3:  Port Perimeters
Problem 4:  Insufficient Police at Ports
Problem 5:  Inadequate Container Screening
Problem 6:  Inadequate Container Supervision
Problem 7:  Fragile Ferries

 

CHAPTER 7

Airports

Problem 1:  Screening Checked Baggage
Problem 2:  Inadequate Background Checks
Problem 3:  No Leadership on Airside Passes
Problem 4:  Unprepared Air Crews
Problem 5:  Armed Pilots?
Problem 6:  Alerting Air Crews
Problem 7:  Role of Aircraft Protection Officers
Problem 8:  Vulnerable Cockpit Doors
Problem 9:  Security Training for Maintenance Workers
Problem 10: Responsibility for Airport Security Needs Clarifying – Who’s in Charge?
Problem 11: Known Shipper Makes Aircraft Insecure
Problem 12: Lack of Security at Fixed-Base Operations
Problem 13: Small Airports are Weak Links in the Aviation Security
Problem 14: Access to Restricted Areas
Problem 15: Airmail and Cargo Goes Unchecked
Problem 16: The Canadian Air Transport Authority Intelligence Gap
Problem 17: Airport Policing is Inadequate
Problem 18: Lack of Transparency for Security Improvements
Problem 19: Air Travellers’ Security Charge
Problem 20: Unnecessary Secrecy
Problem 21: Lack of Financial Transparency

 

CHAPTER 8

Emergency Preparedness

Problem 1:  Lack of Emergency Management
Problem 2:  Emergency Ad Hockery
Problem 3:  Inability to Deploy Police in an Emergency
Problem 4:  No Role for Reserves
Problem 5:  No Domestic Role for the DART
Problem 6:  Emergency Caches Mismanaged
Problem 7:  Lack of Equipment for First Responders
Problem 8:  Institutional “Lessons Learned” Memory Blank
Problem 9:  Lack of Centralized Health Protection
Problem 10: Poor Collaboration
Problem 11: Emergency Public Communications
Problem 12: Poor Communications Equipment
Problem 13: First Responders Out of Loop
Problem 14: Weak Central Knowledge Base on Critical Infrastructure
Problem 15: Lack of Leadership on Best Practices
Problem 16: Large Cities Should Be Helping Regions

 

APPENDIX I

Corrections, and Omissions

 

APPENDIX II

Order of Reference

 

APPENDIX III

Who the Committee Heard From

 

APPENDIX IV

Biographies of Committee Members

 

APPENDIX V

Biographies of Committee Secretariat

 

APPENDIX VI

Index of Recommendations


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