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The Cannabis Act in the Senate
The Cannabis Act in the Senate
June 21, 2018
NEWS

Bill C-45, the Cannabis Act, is now law. The bill received Royal Assent on June 21, 2018 during a ceremony in the Senate Chamber.

Bill C-45 is a piece of government legislation that will legalize access to recreational cannabis in Canada when it comes into force on October 17, 2018.The bill will also control and regulate how cannabis is grown, distributed and sold.

The bill was introduced in the Senate and given first reading on November 28, 2017. It was passed in the House of Commons on November 27, 2017.

Bill C-45 was adopted at second reading in the Senate on March 22, 2018 and was referred to the Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology. Four other committees also studied aspects of the bill.

The committee’s report, with amendments to the bill, was adopted on division on May 30, 2018

On May 31, 2018, debate began at third reading. Pursuant to a motion adopted in the Chamber, speeches and amendments were grouped thematically:

  • May 31: issues relating to cannabis production
  • June 1: issues relating to the sale and distribution of cannabis
  • June 4: international issues relating to cannabis
  • June 5: issues relating to criminal penalties
  • June 6: issues relating to cannabis consumption, public health and matters relating to Indigenous peoples.

The vote at third reading took place on June 7, 2018. Bill C-45, as amended, was adopted by a vote of 56 to 30, with one abstention. The House of Commons accepted some of the Senate’s amendments.

On June 19, 2018, senators voted 52 to 29, with two abstentions, to adopt a motion to inform the House of Commons that the Senate would not insist on amendment with which the House had disagreed.

 

PROGRESS THROUGH PARLIAMENT

 

RESOURCES: How a bill becomes a law Glossary of key Senate terms

 

DEBATE ON A MESSAGE RECEIVED FROM THE HOUSE OF COMMONS

Tuesday, June 19, 2018
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Monday, June 18, 2018
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THIRD READING

Thursday, June 7, 2018
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Wednesday, June 6, 2018
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Tuesday, June 5, 2018
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Monday, June 4, 2018
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Friday, June 1, 2018
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Thursday, May 31, 2018
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FIRST AND SECOND READING

Thursday, March 22, 2018
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Wednesday, March 21, 2018
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Tuesday, March 20, 2018
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Thursday, March 1, 2018
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Tuesday, February 27, 2018
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Thursday, February 15, 2018
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Wednesday, February 14, 2018
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Tuesday, February 13, 2018
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Thursday, February 8, 2018
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Wednesday, February 7, 2018
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Tuesday, February 6, 2018
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Thursday, February 1, 2018
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Tuesday, January 30, 2018
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Thursday, November 30, 2017
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Tuesday, November 28, 2017
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SOCI - Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology

Bill C-45 was referred to the Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology after it was adopted at second reading in the Senate on March 22, 2018.

The committee’s report, with amendments, was presented to the Senate on May 29, 2018.

Read the report


Pursuant to a motion adopted on February 15, 2018, four other Senate committees studied aspects of the bill.

AEFA - Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade

The Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade studied the bill as it relates to Canada’s international obligations.

Read the report Read the news release


APPA - Senate Committee on Aboriginal Peoples

The Senate Committee on Aboriginal Peoples studied the bill as it relates to the Indigenous peoples of Canada.

Read the report Read the news release


LCJC - Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs

The Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs studied elements contained in parts 1, 2, 8, 9 and 14 of the bill.

Read the report Read the news release


SECD - Senate Committee on National Security and Defence

The Senate Committee on National Security and Defence studied the bill as it relates to Canada’s borders.

Read the report Read the news release

The Cannabis Act in the Senate: Follow this Moment for updates on Bill #C45 at third reading.



The Cannabis Act in the Senate: Follow this Moment for updates on Bill #C45 at second reading.



First reading of Bill C-45

Image of tweet of first reading for Bill C45